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The portrait of Southampton (1999)
Authors: Mark Bobe, Louis Shurmer-Smith


The City of Southampton, in the county of Hampshire (although the City has been a unitary authority since April 1st 1997), lies at the Northern end of Southampton Water on a peninsula between the Rivers Itchen and Test. Historically the city became a Royal Borough before 1086 (the year of the Domesday Survey) and was first granted a charter during the 12th Century. The importance of Southampton to the region and indeed the country has always been as a port in the trade between Britain and mainland Europe which became particularly well established during the reigns of Norman and Plantagenet monarchs.

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